Astronomers Observe Star Being ‘Spaghettified’ by a Supermassive Black Hole

Artist’s impression of a star undergoing spaghettification near a supermassive black hole.

Artist’s impression of a star undergoing spaghettification near a supermassive black hole.
Image: ESO

A star 215 million light-years away has been obliterated by a supermassive black hole, making it the closest observation to date of stellar spaghettification.

Spaghettification doesn’t sound very scientific, but it’s a fairly accurate description of what actually happens.

A doomed star caught in the orbit of a supermassive black hole will eventually hit a kind of gravitational sweet spot that turns everything to shit. No longer capable of keeping its physical integrity, the star begins to rapidly collapse in a process known as a fast-evolving tidal disruption event. When this happens, stellar debris bursts out from the star, forming a long, thin stream, half of which gets sucked toward the black hole; the other half is blown back into space. The thin stream eventually catches up to and slams into itself, releasing energy and

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Global Complex Oxide Sputtering Target Market Size will Observe Substantial Growth by 2029| American Elements, Heraeus, RHP-Technology GmbH

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Sep 30, 2020 (WiredRelease via Comtex) —
Opportunity Assessment For Complex Oxide Sputtering Target Market Value Statistics and Facts:

The report contains a thorough overview of the industry’s different facets that are likely to be impacted by the pandemic. Product sales of Complex Oxide Sputtering Target are surging and are expected to continue increasing between 2020 and 2029 time-frame. In addition, the report offers definitive information pertaining to the commercialization aspects, revenue estimation, and market size of the industry.

The study objectives of this market is to strategically examine each submarket with respect to individual growth Trend and Their contribution to the Complex Oxide Sputtering Target Market along with industry experts in mind to maximize return on investment(ROI) by providing clear information needed for informed business decisions. The research report studies the market in a detailed manner

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Scientists utilized citizen science network to observe the object — ScienceDaily

A new study authored by Southwest Research Institute scientists Rodrigo Leiva and Marc Buie reveals the binary nature of a trans-Neptunian object (TNO). Leiva and Buie utilized data obtained by the Research and Education Collaborative Occultation Network (RECON), a citizen science research net-work dedicated to observing the outer solar system. The study was published this month in The Astrophysical Journal.

Trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) are small icy bodies that orbit the Sun beyond Neptune. Binary TNOs occur when two of these objects orbit each other while together or-biting the Sun. Leiva and Buie discovered two objects in a particularly close gravitational configuration. The pair was detected using a stellar occultation, which occurs when an object passes between Earth and a distant star which hides, or “occults,” the star from view. Observers located in the path of the object’s shadow can record the star blinking out and reappearing. The length of time

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Scientists observe conscious processes in crow brains

Sept. 25 (UPI) — For the first time, scientists have observed conscious processes in the brains of crows. Until now, the neural origins of subjective experience have only been observed in humans and other primates.

“The results of our study opens up a new way of looking at the evolution of awareness and its neurobiological constraints,” lead researcher Andreas Nieder, professor of animal physiology at the University of Tübingen in Germany, said in a news release.

Previous brain imaging studies have shown the ability of humans and the primates to consciously perceive sensory input is located in the cerebral cortex.

But the brains of most animals are structured quite differently than those of humans and nonhuman primates. Most animals don’t have a cerebral cortex.

For the latest study, researchers in Germany wanted to determine whether conscious processes could originate brains without cerebral cortexes. To find out, scientists recorded the neural

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