Study shows how climate impacts food webs, poses socioeconomic threat in Eastern Africa

Study shows how climate impacts food webs, poses socioeconomic threat in Eastern Africa
The research team spent 12 days on Lake Tanganyika collecting core samples from the lake’s floor. They chartered a Congolese merchant vessel, seen here, and adapted it for their research project. Credit: Michael McGlue, University of Kentucky

A new study is sounding the alarm on the impact climate change could have on one of the world’s most vulnerable regions.

Michael McGlue, Pioneer Natural Resources Professor of Stratigraphy in the University of Kentucky Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, and his team conducted the study at Lake Tanganyika—a major African fishery. The results, which published today in Science Advances, show how certain changes in climate may place the fishery at risk, potentially diminishing food resources for millions of people in this area of eastern Africa.

“Lake Tanganyika’s fish are a critically important resource for impoverished people from four nations (Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi and Zambia) and resilience

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Strengthening Science, Technology and Innovation Systems for Sustainable Development in Africa

On 7 October 2020, UNESCO, represented by Mr. Jean-Yves Le Saux, Director of the Bureau of Strategic Planning, and Sweden, represented by Mr Mikael Schultz, Deputy Permanent Delegate of Sweden to UNESCO, signed a pathbreaking agreement to support science, technology and innovation in Africa. Shamila Nair-Bedouelle, Assistant Director General for the Natural Science Sector and Magnus Magnusson, representing Gabriela Ramos, Assistant Director General for the Social and Human Science Sector, Pia Engstrand, Sida’s focal point for UNESCO (through virtual connection) were also present at the ceremony and will jointly oversee the implementation of this initiative.

The Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) will provide funding in the amount of 25 million Swedish kronor over two years (2020-2022) to support the first phase of a major initiative within UNESCO’s global framework for monitoring, policy support and advocacy for the Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers, adopted by the General Conference in 2017.

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Discovery of diamonds in small rock sample hints at possibility of new deposits in area similar to world’s richest gold mine in South Africa — ScienceDaily

The presence of diamonds in an outcrop atop an unrealized gold deposit in Canada’s Far North mirrors the association found above the world’s richest gold mine, according to University of Alberta research that fills in blanks about the thermal conditions of Earth’s crust three billion years ago.

“The diamonds we have found so far are small and not economic, but they occur in ancient sediments that are an exact analog of the world’s biggest gold deposit — the Witwatersrand Goldfields of South Africa, which has produced more than 40 per cent of the gold ever mined on Earth,” said Graham Pearson, researcher in the Faculty of Science and Canada Excellence Research Chair Laureate in Arctic Resources.

“Diamonds and gold are very strange bedfellows. They hardly ever appear in the same rock, so this new find may help to sweeten the attractiveness of the original gold discovery if we can find

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Specks blowing in from Africa, Middle East exert enormous effect on climate — ScienceDaily

Dust blowing onto high mountains in the western Himalayas is a bigger factor than previously thought in hastening the melting of snow there, researchers show in a study published Oct. 5 in Nature Climate Change.

That’s because dust — lots of it in the Himalayas — absorbs sunlight, heating the snow that surrounds it.

“It turns out that dust blowing hundreds of miles from parts of Africa and Asia and landing at very high elevations has a broad impact on the snow cycle in a region that is home to one of the largest masses of snow and ice on Earth,” said Yun Qian, atmospheric scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Qian and Chandan Sarangi, formerly a postdoctoral associate at PNNL and now at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras in India, are corresponding authors of the study.

More than 700 million people in

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India and South Africa Ask WTO to Waive Rules to Aid COVID-19 Drug Production | World News

VIENNA (Reuters) – India and South Africa want the World Trade Organization (WTO) to waive intellectual property rules to make it easier for developing countries to produce or import COVID-19 drugs, a letter to the WTO shows.

In their letter dated Oct. 2 the two countries called on the global trade body to waive parts of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which governs patents, trademarks, copyright and other intellectual property rules globally.

“As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for COVID-19 are developed, there are significant concerns (over) how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at (an) affordable price to meet global demand,” the letter posted on the Geneva-based WTO’s website says.

The two countries said that developing nations are disproportionately affected by the pandemic and that intellectual property rights, including patents, could be a barrier to the provision of affordable

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India, South Africa ask WTO to ease IP rules for COVID-19

South Africa and India have asked the World Trade Organization to waive some provisions in the international agreements that regulate intellectual property rights to speed up efforts to prevent, treat and contain the COVID-19 pandemic

NEW DELHI — South Africa and India have asked the World Trade Organization to waive some provisions in the international agreements that regulate intellectual property rights, to speed up efforts to prevent, treat and contain the COVID-19 pandemic and make sure developing countries are not left behind.

The countries argue, in a joint submission to the Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights dated Friday, that without a rapid waiver of some existing safeguards for intellectual property rights, some countries — particularly developing ones that have been “disproportionately

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Orange CEO makes Africa plea, unveils $30 smartphone

GSMA THRIVE AFRICA 2020: Orange CEO Stephane Richard (pictured) called on the industry to improve cooperation with authorities to boost connectivity and mobile internet usage, as he unveiled a $30 Android smartphone designed for its markets in the region.

Speaking as part of the first keynote, Richard pointed to the importance of connectivity in the aftermath of the Covid-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, noting the lack of internet removed many opportunities to overcome the social and economic impact.

“If we don’t take action now we run risk reinforcing existing inequalities”, and “further marginalising vulnerable people”.

Richard noted operators could, and should, do more to cooperate with national governments and international bodies to expand connectivity, while highlighting a large number of people live within a 3G or 4G signal but do not connect.

“The digital divide is much more important than the coverage gap,” he added. “In Africa there are

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In a Google and Facebook world, can Africa build its own tech giant?

By Staff Reporter Time of article published22m ago

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The SA Innovation Summit kicks off on 29 September at a point in time when innovation has never been more pertinent or necessary. As a continent, Africa has a reputation for ingenuity, where sheer necessity has provoked out of the box thinking that has often led to local ideas becoming global bestsellers.

Innovation and invention are frequently associated with technology, although, just about every aspect of the world as we know it, is ripe for innovation right now. That said though, ideas that use technology to propel them forward are of particular interest to Ayo Technology Solutions (AYO), who will be involved at this year’s SA Innovation Summit. The company is not only a sponsor of the event but, is also offering to award funding to the winner of the Africa Cup, a pitch and

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Africa: Should “Formalization” Be Part of the Post-Covid Economic Agenda?

As African economies continue to stagnate in the wake of Covid-19, policymakers are scrambling to put in place plans for economic recovery. Reading about these recovery plans (such as here, here, and here), I’ve been struck that formalization is again on the agenda of policymakers ravenous for revenues to boost recovery budgets.

This formalization agenda has a modern twist, with some governments viewing the “digital economy” as a priority arena to both boost business activity and to tax. A number of these digital economy firms are platforms, like ride hailing companies, where individual workers are newly visible to the state, because their work is mediated by digital technology. In other words, they, in part, tackle the “formalization” agenda.

Now well into a PhD dissertation on platforms in Kenya, I am not very optimistic that such services will lead to the kind of economic advancement and transformation policymakers intend. Platforms can

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