Effects of low-level lead exposure and alcohol consumption — ScienceDaily

A new IU study examining effects of low-level developmental lead exposure in mice could explain why some people dependent on alcohol return to using.

The study, published in Neuropharmacology, looked at whether developmental lead exposure can increase the propensity to relapse to alcohol consumption in mice. The researchers also looked at the effects on the expression of synaptic and non-synaptic glutamate transporters — regulators of brain motivation and reinforcing circuits — in brain regions associated with drug addiction.

“Our data in mice suggests that early life, low-level lead exposure does not lead to the development of an alcohol use disorder in adults per se,” said Stephen Boehm, professor in the Department of Psychology at IUPUI. “However, it does alter brain circuits in such a way that once a dependency is developed, it makes it harder to refrain from turning back to alcohol.”

Although there have been efforts to reduce

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Predator-prey interaction study reveals more food does not always mean more consumption

Predator-prey interaction study reveals more food does not always mean more consumption
Winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) in Narragansett Bay. It is a flatfish native to coastal waters of the western North Atlantic coast from Labrador to Georgia, although it is less common south of Delaware Bay. It feeds on bottom-dwelling animals. Credit: NOAA Fisheries

Scientists at the NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center have developed an unusually rich picture of who is eating whom off the Northeastern United States. The findings, published recently in Fish and Fisheries, provide a close look at fish feeding habits for 17 fish species, predators, and their prey.

The predators are divided into 48 predator-size categories, and 14 prey species. Fish predators included Atlantic cod, Atlantic herring, haddock, goosefish, pollock, spiny dogfish, winter flounder, and yellowtail founder among others. Prey species included forage fish, squid, zooplankton, shrimp-like crustaceans, shellfish, brittle stars, sand dollars, and sea urchins.

“We have the largest, continuous dataset of fish feeding habits in

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Global Online Content Consumption Doubled In 2020

I happened to see my wife’s screen time analytics on her phone recently. She’s spending an average of over seven hours a day on her phone.

And she’s not alone.

Global online content consumption is soaring in 2020, a new study of over 10,000 people in five countries says. The previous normal was just over three hours, but now my wife is — at least in this respect — completely and totally average. Average daily time spent consuming content is now six hours and 59 minutes, which includes phone, TV, and other forms of digital media.

The obvious question: if that’s average, how much screen time are the outliers getting?

Clearly, eight, nine, even ten hours a day. In fact, as a different study I covered a month ago

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Converting Paper Market Size, Share, Trends, Production, Consumption, Revenue and Forecast 2020 to 2027

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Sep 22, 2020 (Profound via COMTEX) —
The global converting paper Market size is expected to be worth around US$ 440.7 billion by 2027 and the market is projected to showcase 2.5% CAGR during the forecast period. The converting paper market is driven by rapid expansion in the e-commerce packaging sector.

The study has considered the base year as 2019, which estimates the market size of market and the forecast period is 2020 to 2027. The report analyzes and forecasts the market size, in terms of volume (thousand units) and value (USD million), for the market. The report provides a detailed analysis of various forces acting in the market (drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges). The report covers key players and comprehensively analyzes their market shares and core competencies. It also tracks and analyzes competitive developments such as

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Miles Morales Ultimate Edition’ PS5 Storage Consumption Revealed


  • Purchasing and installing both “Demon’s Souls” and “Spider-Man: Miles Morales Ultimate Edition” will immediately result in 20 percent of the PS5’s SSD space
  • Sony has said that more flexibility will be given to players on how they manage console storage for the PS5
  • PS5 owners will have the option of off the shelf SSDs certified by Sony to expand their internal storage but those will likely be expensive in the short term

With the announcement of the PlayStation 5’s release date and pricing, one of the things to consider now is how much space the games will take up in the console.

According to the PlayStation website, “Demon’s Souls” will require a “minimum” of 66gb SSD space while fellow launch title “Spider-Man: Miles Morales” will require 50gb.

If that’s not enough to interest you, consider the “Ultimate Edition” of “Spider-Man: Miles Morales” that will include a PlayStation 5

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