Extremely rare wildcat resembling a leopard seen on Texas trail camera. What is it?

A large wildcat resembling a leopard was recently photographed by a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service trail camera in Texas.

The nighttime image was shared Saturday on Facebook, showing the “majestic feline” as it was creeping into a highway underpass, used by wildlife to avoid traffic.

Though the spotted wildcat looks alarmingly like a leopard — particularly in black and white — experts have identified it as an ocelot, a native species of wild feline that grows to 4 feet in length and 35 pounds. (Leopards grow to more than 6 feet and 130 pounds, LiveScience.com reports.)

To say the species is rare in the U.S. is an understatement.

“There are an estimated 50 ocelots that remain in the United States,” U.S. Fish and Wildlife officials say. “Known as the ‘little leopard,’ ocelots are larger than a house cat but smaller than a bobcat.”

The ocelot in the photo

Read More

Exploring the effect of rainfall on pine needles may lead to future fibers that are extremely water-repellent. — ScienceDaily

If you have ever hiked in the woods and been surrounded by the sight and smell of pine trees, you may have taken a closer look at pine needles and wondered how their shape, material properties, and surface wettability are all influenced by rainfall.

In Physics of Fluids, from AIP Publishing, researchers at the University of Central Florida are currently probing how well pine needles allay the impact of rain beneath the tree. Andrew K. Dickerson and Amy P. Lebanoff explored the impact of raindrops onto fixed, noncircular fibers of Pinus palustris, aka the longleaf pine, by using high-speed videography to capture the results.

“Drops impacting fixed fibers are greatly deformed and split apart,” said Dickerson. “As expected, the breakup of the drop and the force felt by the fiber is dependent on drop size and speed.”

Impact force and the shape of the resulting lobe of water also

Read More

Extremely Brilliant Source X-Rays Set to Revolutionize Science

The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France.

The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France.
Photo: S. Candé/ESRF

A new way of producing powerful X-ray beams—the brightest on Earth—is now making it possible to create 3D images of matter at astounding resolutions. This “Extremely Brilliant Source” officially opened last month at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in France, and scientists are already using it to study the coronavirus behind covid-19. These X-ray beams will image the interiors of fossils, brains, batteries, and countless other interesting items down to the atomic scale, revealing unprecedented information and supercharging scientific research.

A typical medical X-ray, like you would get for a broken bone, can show doctors details about your particular fracture and the tissue around it. X-rays penetrate the body and are absorbed at different rates by different tissue; once they’ve passed through you, they hit a detector, creating the familiar black-and-white X-ray image. The Extremely Brilliant Source produces

Read More

‘Extremely Rare’ Rhino Calves Spotted In Java, Sparks Hope For Species

KEY POINTS

  • 2 Javan rhino calves were spotted at a protected area in Indonesia
  • The species can now only be found in Ujung Kulon National Park
  • The presence of the two calves brings hope for the survival of the species

“Extremely rare” Javan rhinoceros calves were spotted at a national park in Indonesia, sparking hopes for the future of the critically endangered creatures.

Authorities announced on Sunday that two Javan rhinoceros calves were spotted at Indonesia’s Ujung Kulon National Park, AFP reports. According to the outlet, the two calves were seen from March to August in footage from close to 100 camera traps in the facility. A male and a female, the two calves are now named Helen and Luther, and their presence now brings the number of the critically endangered Javan rhinoceros to 74.

This brings hope for the future of the species, which is actually the most

Read More