Restoring California’s Forests to Reduce Wildfire Risks Will Take Time, Billions of Dollars and a Broad Commitment | Best States

By Roger Bales and Martha Conklin

Many of California’s 33 million acres of forests face widespread threats stemming from past management choices. Today the U.S. Forest Service estimates that of the 20 million acres it manages in California, 6-9 million acres need to be restored.

Forest restoration basically means removing the less fire-resistant smaller trees and returning to a forest with larger trees that are widely spaced. These stewardship projects require partnerships across the many interests who benefit from healthy forests, to help bring innovative financing to this huge challenge.

The California Wildfires in Photos

california wildfires

We are engineers who work on many natural resource challenges, including forest management. We’re encouraged to see California and other western states striving to use forest management to reduce the risk of high-severity wildfire.

But there are major bottlenecks. They include scarce resources and limited engagement between forest managers and many local, regional and state

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U.S., UK and other countries warn tech firms that encryption creates ‘severe risks’ to public safety

  • Lawmakers from countries within the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing alliance have urged tech firms to develop backdoors that allows them to access encrypted messages.
  • In an open statement, seven nations said that unbreakable encryption technology “creates severe risks to public safety.”
  • While citizens benefit from additional privacy, law enforcement agencies see end-to-end encryption as a barrier to their investigations.



a view of a city


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LONDON — Lawmakers from countries within the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing alliance have warned tech firms that unbreakable encryption technology “creates severe risks to public safety.”

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Ministers from the U.S., U.K., Canada, Australia and New Zealand published a statement Sunday calling on the tech industry to develop a solution that enabled law enforcement to access tightly encrypted messages.

“We urge industry to address our serious concerns where encryption is applied in a way that wholly precludes any legal access to content,” the statement, which was signed by

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Turkey Says Facebook Risks Fines If Flouts New Social Media Law

(Bloomberg) — Turkey will penalize Facebook with escalating fines and could make it excrutiatingly slow to use the platform if the company flouts a new social media law that could be used to stifle dissent.



Buildings on the skyline of the European side sit on the horizon, framed beneath a Turkish flag flying from the Asian side, in Istanbul, Turkey, on Monday, April 27, 2020. Coming off a brief recession just over a year ago, the urgency is mounting for Turkey to loosen the screws on the economy as its currency and reserves come under pressure more than a month after it introduced social-distancing measures.


© Bloomberg
Buildings on the skyline of the European side sit on the horizon, framed beneath a Turkish flag flying from the Asian side, in Istanbul, Turkey, on Monday, April 27, 2020. Coming off a brief recession just over a year ago, the urgency is mounting for Turkey to loosen the screws on the economy as its currency and reserves come under pressure more than a month after it introduced social-distancing measures.

A senior Turkish official said The Menlo Park, California-based company had not formally told the government whether or not it would not be appointing a local representative.

But the social media giant will face an initial 10 million lira ($1.3 million) fine on

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Genetic differences in body fat shape men and women’s health risks — ScienceDaily

New research is revealing how genetic differences in the fat in men’s and women’s bodies affect the diseases each sex is likely to get.

University of Virginia researchers Mete Civelek, PhD, Warren Anderson, PhD, and their collaborators have determined that differences in fat storage and formation in men and women strongly affect the activity of 162 different genes found in fat tissue. Further, 13 of the genes come in variants that have different effects in men and women.

Some of those genes identified have already been connected with conditions such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The findings help explain the differing health risks men and women face, and they set the stage for better, more targeted treatments.

“Obesity is associated with a number of health risks, and how men and women store excess calories as fat makes a difference in how they have different susceptibilities to common diseases,”

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How to spot tech risks in company pensions

Executives are being urged to review the technology supporting their workplace pension scheme, amid concerns that providers’ ageing legacy systems are expensive, delivering members a poor user experience and making scaling up tricky.

The limitations of incumbent systems have become a discussion point as finance directors and pension scheme managers future-proof their businesses. It comes against a backdrop of emerging risks, such as vast regulatory changes and an increasingly difficult economic climate.

Smart Pension, a global platform provider with its own UK master trust, is urging those responsible for company pensions to review their incumbent provider’s technology and ask whether it offers the service, efficiency and resilience their scheme requires.

“Most pension administration systems were written at least 15 years ago, in programming languages that people don’t use anymore. It is expensive, unreliable and isn’t scalable,” says Will Wynne, co-founder and group managing director of Smart. “In today’s world, there

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The risks and rewards of America’s 5G future: Highlights from my conversation with Tommy Ross | American Enterprise Institute

If the US 5G
rollout is to reach its full potential, network security must be a priority.
But what are the security risks of 5G, and how can the US win the global 5G
race? On the latest episode of “Explain to Shane,” I sat down
with Tommy Ross, Senior Policy Director at BSA | The Software Alliance and
author of BSA’s position paper titled “Securing 5G: A Call to Harness
Software Innovation,” which discusses the transition from hardware-dominated
networking to a software-centric model for 5G. Together, we addressed the
availability and importance of 5G network security tools.

Below is an
edited and abridged transcript of our talk. You can listen to “Explain to Shane”
on AEI.org and subscribe via your preferred listening
platform
. You can also read the full transcript of our discussion here. If you enjoyed this episode, leave us a review, and
tell your friends and

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EDP Is Sufficiently Protected From FX And Emerging Market Risks (OTCMKTS:EDPFY)

EDP (OTCPK:EDPFY)(OTC:ELCPF) is a European utilities company that after a run-up from March lows has slid back. Utilities continue to remain a sector of interest to the prudent investor, as the eventualities of COVID-19 remain nebulous with continuing questions around vaccine efficacy, timing and the extent of the economic damage once stimulus comes to a close. EDP, like many European utilities are focused on two activities, generation on one hand (primarily in renewables), and distribution/transmission on the other. Now trading at levels where the dividend yields 4.4%, it screens as an interesting income proposition. With emerging market exposures being a key issue for some utility companies, EDP is substantially spared thanks to the substantial risk sharing with minority holders in their Brazilian operations. With good insurance from their positive geographic mix, their ample dividend should be strongly considered by income investors.

Summary Segment Data

Before we look into their

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App bans won’t make US security risks disappear

Will the US government ban TikTok and WeChat, or won’t it—and why? With the Trump administration issuing vaguely phrased executive orders and policies about the apps, even as legal challenges against potential bans move through the courts and the president gives his “blessing” to a deal to keep TikTok in US app stores, it’s hard to make out a coherent story.

The Trump administration’s actions against the two Chinese-owned social-media platforms are driven more by politics and an effort to seem tough on China than by actual privacy, safety, or national security concerns. However, that doesn’t mean there aren’t tough challenges ahead in regulating digital platforms based in China, the United States, or anywhere else.

As the TikTok and WeChat stories unfold—and no one should expect a permanent resolution anytime soon—policymakers, technologists, and citizens should look beyond this chaotic start to the deeper, unresolved questions. Now is the time to

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Market Risks Remain High As Investors Pile Into Technology

After a one directional move since the March bottom, the major indices HAVE started showing some fatigue. The tech heavy indices took the brunt of the bear attack. Is the rebound from the March lows over or is this just a pause that refreshes? We break down the key things we are watching and why the risk may be overly concentrated in just one place.

Fear Remains Extremely Muted

We watch a number of indicators that gauge the average amount of fear that investors are experiencing. The first one we look at is the moving average of the equity-only put-call ratio. When this is low, it implies complacency, and when it is high, it implies investors are panicking en masse.

The 30-day moving average of the put-call ratio is still at one of the lowest levels ever.

Source: StockCharts

In fact, the only time it has been lower was in

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